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The RCA 45 RPM Record Player
My 45 RPM player collection

 

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above represents just a few of the 45 RPM models I have:

A number of companies made home audio equipment that incorporated a 45 RPM player under their brand name.  To my knowledge RCA is the only US company that made these 45 RPM machines. Companies that used the '45 players under their brand must have had to purchase them from RCA?

Some of the info provided in this section of my site was gleaned from  the wonderful book; "The Fabulous Victrola 45" (available on Amazon. com).  However, most of the information provided about these machines are based on my own experience as a technician which started with my first real job around 1957.  I serviced these  these players  as well as Televisions and all the home entertainment equipment of the day. At that time, the 45 players were big sellers and I purchased one new (with and employee discount of course). i gave it to my then girlfriend as a birthday present. It was a model 6EY3A, it cost me a whole weeks salary!
 

Below is my collection of these wonderful, unique machines
 

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Arvin 6091 Record player/changer

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Crescent 45t Record player/changer 

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Philips AG-2100D Record player 

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RCA  6BY4A Radio-Record player AC Battery 

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RCA 6-EY-15 "Ding-Dong School" Record player/changer 

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RCA 6-JM-2A "Slide-O-Matic" Record player attachment 

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RCA  6-XY-5B
"Slide-O-Matic" Record player/Radio

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RCA 7EY1 Record player/changer 

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THIS ONE is FOR SALE

RCA 7EY2 Record player/change

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RCA  8EY31 Record player/changer 

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THIS ONE is FOR SALE

 

RCA  6EY3A Record player/changer 

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RCA  45J series Record players

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RCA  45J2 Record player/changer 
attachment

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RCA  45J3 Record player/changer
attachment

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RCA Special Stereo Record player attachment 

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Duette Radio-record player/changer 

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Airline (Montgomery Ward)  model 94GS-301B TV/Radio/45 Phono combination

YES it HAS a 45 Player

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Mechanisms used in the RCA 45 players & Changers

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<<  manuals, labels, stickers and paper item available for many of the 45 RPM & other models.

NOTICE
What  you  should  know  about  the
 45 RPM player's before purchasing


These are wonderful little instruments and fun to have if you have a collection of 45 RPM records. However, be aware, they are not the most reliable piece of audio gear  ever made, in fact just the opposite. They were low priced, cheaply made and required more than the normal amount of maintenance even from the get-go. I speak as one who serviced these when the were relatively new and very popular in the mid 1950s.  Then as well as now, they require maintenance more often than you might expect. Even more often if abused or rough handled. The mechanical adjustments can get off desired settings with rough handling that many teenagers are well known for.  These critical adjustments that affect the cycling of the changer; such as reject, lift, record drop and set down are critical and can be knocked off their settings with improper handling. Also the original cartridge is a well known sore spot as well as the rubber drive wheels.

So if you own one to keep it healthy, it helps; to play it often.

In the late 1940s RCA revolutionized the home record industry with the introduction of the 45 RPM player and  the seven inch, with the; "Big hole" 45 RPM players and records. These players came to be quite popular, especially with teenagers. They were low priced and offered in a variety of cabinet styles, colors and features from a simple attachment that had to be connected to an amplifier or radio equipped with an RCA audio Pin-Plug jack. Other companies also offered instruments with a '45 player, all were the RCA mechanism. So popular were they that other companies incorporated the RCA mechanism in their Radio/Phono/TV combo units. Some well known (and few not so well known) made players using the RCA mechanism under their own brand name.

Three mechanisms were used in the 45 RPM changers; RP-168, RP-190 & RP-193. The '168 was the first, '193 the second and the (most popular) '190 series. I don't know why the '193 was earlier than the '190 as it was offer on in the 1950 series and used  only in model; 45-J3.  The '168 mechanism had the record changing cycling as part of the turn-table's underside casting. The '190 series incorporated a rubber coated cycling cam to drive the record changing cycle while the '193 had a separate large gear driven cycling cam.

There's also a fourth mechanism; the RP-199,  used only in the "Slide-O-Matic" models; the; 6-JM-2 and the 6-XY-5B.

RadiolaGuy.com
© C.E. Clutter

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